Referencer – Kapitel 2

[44] What is marijuana?

[45] Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid: What’s the Difference Between Cannabis Types?

Cannabis Strain Explorer.

[46] What Is Cannabis Ruderalis?

[47] Hemp 101: What Is Hemp, What’s It Used for, and Why Is It Illegal?

[48] Indica vs Sativa: What’s The Difference?

[49] Indica vs. Sativa Medical Marijuana Strain Differences.

[50] Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid: What’s the Difference Between Cannabis Types?

[51] Differences in Growing Sativa, Indica and Hybrid Cannabis.

Medical Marijuana: Indica vs. Sativa.

Hemp 101: What Is Hemp, What’s It Used for, and Why Is It Illegal?

The ultimate guide on indicas vs. sativas.

[52] What Are the Side Effects of High-THC Cannabis?

[53] THC: Everything You Need To Know About Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol

How To Tell Between Male vs Female Marijuana Plants.

Why You Should Be Eating Raw Weed.

[54] Ændringen af THC-grænsen fra 1. juli 2018.

[55] Secondary Metabolites in Plants.

[56] Secondary Metabolites in Plants.

[57] Cannabinoids.

Giovanni Appendino*Simon Gibbons*Anna Giana et al.: Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: A Structure−Activity Study. J. Nat. Prod., 2008, 71 (8), pp 1427–1430.

CBG – The Next Big Cannabinoid Strain.

Top 10 Cannabinoids And What They Do.

[58] 5 Surprising Things To Know About The Endocannabinoid System.

[59] Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine).

[60] What Are Cannabis Terpenes And What Do They Do?

[61] Abraham T. GirgihChibuike UdenigweRotimi Aluko: In Vitro Antioxidant Properties of Hemp Seed (Cannabis sativa L.) Protein Hydrolysate Fractions. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 88(3):381-389 · April 2012.

[62] Chang CY1Ke DSChen JY.: Essential fatty acids and human brain. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2009 Dec;18(4):231-41.

[63] Enhancing Your Endocannabinoid System with Omega-3 Fatty Acids.

[64] Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants US 6630507 B1.

[65] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Cannabis Cannabinoids.

Laurie Wolf, Mary Wolf: The medical Marijuana Dispensary. Althea Press 2016

[66] What Is THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)?

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): The Most Popular Cannabinoid.

[67] What is CBG (Cannabigerol)?

[68] MG Cascio,* LA Gauson,* LA Stevenson et al.: Evidence that the plant cannabinoid cannabigerol is a highly potent α2-adrenoceptor agonist and moderately potent 5HT1A receptor antagonist. Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Jan; 159(1): 129–141.

Published online 2009 Dec 4. doi:  10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00515.x

[69] Yukihiro, ShoyamaMasahiro, YagiItsuoNishioka et al.: Biosynthesis of cannabinoid acids. Phytochemistry

Volume 14, Issue 10, October 1975, Pages 2189-2192.

[70] Cannabigerol (CBG): A Minor Cannabinoid With A Major Impact.

[71] What Is Hash and How Does It Relate to Cannabis?

The Guy Behind The High: Meet The Father Of THC.

[72] Meet the ‘Father of Cannabis,’ the Man Who Discovered Why Weed Makes You High.

[73] Introduction to the Endocannabinoid System.

[74] 7 Ways Cannabis Is Great For Your Brain.

[75] 5 Surprising Things To Know About The Endocannabinoid System.

Why Are Cannabinoid Receptors Important?

[76] How Cannabis Affects Your Memory.

[77] Get High The Yogi Way.

[78] 5 Things That Are Chemically Similar to a Cannabis High.

[79] Why Does Cannabis Cause Paranoia in Some But Helps Anxiety in Others?

[80] Cannabis Strain Explorer.

[81] 8 Ways to Counteract a Too-Intense Cannabis High.

[82] he Toxicity of Recreational Drugs. May-June 2006 Volume 94, Number 3 Page: 206.

[83] THC: Everything You Need To Know About Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol.

What Are The Medical Benefits of Marijuana?.

[84] Can Marijuana Treat Alzheimer’s? THC Reduces Brain Plaque Buildup.

Is Cannabis Part of an Alzheimer’s Cure?

[85] The Best Strains of Marijuana For Pain Relief.

What Are the Best Cannabis Strains for Pain?

[86] Cannabis and Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Treatment.

Girl Regains Arm Use With Marijuana Spray.

[87] Does Cannabis Help Parkinson’s Disease?

[88] 5 Surprising Facts About PTSD and Weed.

[88] Cannabis and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Marijuana & PTSD #2: The Science Of Your Brain.

[89] How And Why Can Cannabis Cure Cancer?

Cannabis and Cancer.

Cancer Institute Finally Admits Marijuana Kills Cancer.

[90] New Research Confirms Cannabis Kills Brain Cancer, NOT Your Brain.

[91] Can Cannabis Fight Breast Cancer?

[92] Is Cannabis Oil The Solution To Treating Cancer In Children?

[93] Cannabis & Melanoma: Is There Hope For New Treatment?

[94] 20 Health Benefits of Marijuana (#4 Will Surprise You!)

Top 10 Strains to Combat Crohn’s Disease and Colitis.

Cannabis vs Crohn’s Disease.

[95] Avraham Y1Ben-Shushan DBreuer A. et al.: Very low doses of delta 8-THC increase food consumption and alter neurotransmitter levels following weight loss. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004 Apr;77(4):675-84.

Need to Kick-Start Your Appetite? Try These 10 Cannabis Strains to Help Induce Hunger.

[96] Abrahamov A1Abrahamov AMechoulam R.: An efficient new cannabinoid antiemetic in pediatric oncology. Life Sci. 1995;56(23-24):2097-102.

Linda A ParkerErin M RockCheryl L Limebeer: Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids. Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Aug; 163(7): 1411–1422. doi:  10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.01176.x

[97] Cannabis and Arthritis.

Can Cannabis Treat Arthritis Pain and Inflammation? Here’s What Research is Saying.

[98] Cannabis and Migraines: A Possible New Treatment Option?

New Study: Cannabis Can Reduce Migraines.

[99] Best Cannabis Strains for Fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia: Is Marijuana The Best Treatment?

[100] Can CBD and THC in Cannabis Be Used for Glaucoma Treatment?

Marijuana and Glaucoma.

[101] Cannabis and ADD/ADHD.

All In The Mind #1: Cannabis & ADD/ADHD.

[102] The Best Cannabis Strains for Sleep and Insomnia.

Can Marijuana Treat Sleep Apnea? 4 Key Facts.

[103] Children & Cannabis #5: Success Stories With Pediatric Cannabis.

[104] Is Medical Marijuana The Hope For Viral Hepatitis?

[105] How To Make Marijuana More Effective Against Insomnia.

[106] Cannabis vs. Lupus.

[107] 20 Shocking Medical Cannabis Benefits You Need To Know.

[108] Tourette’s: Medical Marijuana’s Latest Victory?

[109] Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA).

[110] Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA).

[111] Laurie Wolf, Mary Wolf: The medical Marijuana Dispensary. Althea Press 2016

[112] What Are The Medical Benefits of CBD?

The Best Video Explaination About Cannabis Trichomes.

[113] What is CBD Oil?

[114] 10 Facts About Cannabidiol (CBD).

Oier Aizpurua-Olaizola†‡Umut SoydanerEkin Öztürk et al.: Evolution of the Cannabinoid and Terpene Content during the Growth of Cannabis sativa Plants from Different Chemotypes. J. Nat. Prod., 2016, 79 (2), pp 324–331.

[115] Dr. Gupta’s Traveling Medicine Show.

[116] Russo EB. Cannabidiol claims and misconceptions. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2017;38(3):198-201.

[117] Nicholson AN, et al. Effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on nocturnal sleep and early- morning behavior in young adults. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2004;24:305-313.

DeLong GT1Wolf CEPoklis ALichtman AH: Pharmacological evaluation of the natural constituent of Cannabis sativa, cannabichromene and its modulation by Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Nov 1;112(1-2):126-33. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.05.019.

[118] CBD: Safe at High Doses.

Borgwardt SJ, et al. Neural basis of delta-9-tetra-hydrocannabinol and cannabidiol: effects during response inhibition. Biol Psychiatry. 2008;64:966-973.

[119] Myrcene, Linalool, and Bisabolol: What Are the Benefits of These Cannabis Terpenes?

[120] Angelo A. Izzo1,4, Francesca Borrelli1,4, Raffaele Capasso et al.: Non-psychotropic plant cannabinoids:

new therapeutic opportunities from an ancient herb.

[121]  Top 10 Cannabinoids And What They Do.

CBD: Everything You Need To Know About Cannabidiol.

5 Must-Know Facts About Cannabidiol (CBD).

CBD: The Cinderella Molecule.

[122] Medical Marijuana and Lupus.

Cannabis vs. Lupus.

[123] Top 10 Strains to Combat Crohn’s Disease and Colitis.

[124] Medical Marijuana and Type 1 Diabetes.

Marijuana and Diabetes – An In-depth Look.

Diabetes. Oversigt over studier.

[125] Medical Marijuana and Cancer.

US Government Admits Marijuana Kills Cancer Cells.

Cancer. Oversigt over studier.

Ashutosh Shrivastava, Paula M. Kuzontkoski, Jerome E. Groopman and Anil Prasad: Cannabidiol Induces Programmed Cell Death in Breast Cancer Cells by Coordinating the Cross-talk between Apoptosis and Autophagy. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics July 2011 Volume 10, Issue 7.

Can Cannabis Fight Breast Cancer?

[126] PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome). Oversigt over studier.

Cannabis and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

[127] Marijuana and muscle spasms.

[128] Medical Marijuana and Parkinson’s Disease.

Does Cannabis Help Parkinson’s Disease?

[129] No Bones About It: How Cannabis May Combat Bone Diseases.

[130] Medical Marijuana and Chronic Pain.

Top 3 Medical CBD Strains.

The Best Strains of Marijuana For Pain Relief?

[131] Neuropathic Pain. Oversigt over studier.

[132] Medical Marijuana and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

All In The Mind #2: Does Cannabis Help OCD?

[133] Medical Marijuana and Dystonia.

[134] Medical Marijuana and Epilepsy.

Epilepsy & Seizure Disorders. Oversigt over studier.

Epilepsy and Seizures.

[135] Medical Marijuana and Insomnia.

[136] Children and Marijuana #2: Conditions Treated With Cannabis.

[137] Is Marijuana Effective at Combatting Depression?

All In The Mind #4: How Cannabis Treats Depression.

Depression. Oversigt over studier.

[138] 5 Reasons You Should Take CBD On A Daily Basis.

Mood Disorders. Oversigt over studier.

Anxiety. Oversigt over studier.

[139] Iseger TA1, Bossong MG: A systematic review of the antipsychotic properties of cannabidiol in humans.

Schizophr Res. 2015 Mar;162(1-3):153-61. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2015.01.033. Epub 2015 Feb 7.

Mood Disorders. Oversigt over studier.

[140] Acne. Oversigt over studier.

[141] Cannabis’ Entourage Effect: Why Whole Plant Medicine Matters

Cannabis Anatomy: the Parts of the Plant.

Understanding Cannabis Testing: A Guide to Cannabinoids and Terpenes.

What Are High-CBD Cannabis Strains and How Do They Differ From High-THC Strains?

J. W. FairbairnJ. T. Pickens: Activity of cannabis in relation to its delta’-trans-tetrahydro-cannabinol content. Br J Pharmacol. 1981 Mar; 72(3): 401–409.

[142] John McPartlandEthan Budd Russo: Cannabis and cannabis extracts: Greater than the sum of their parts?

[143] Shimon Ben-Shabat, Ester Fride, Tzviel Sheskin et al.: An entourage effect: inactive endogenous fatty acid glycerol estersenhance 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol cannabinoid activity. European Journal of Pharmacology 353 1998 23–31.

Medical Marijuana: Much More Than Just THC and CBD.

[144] The Entourage Effect and Whole Plant Extracts: So Much More than THC and CBD

[145] Ethan B Russo: Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Aug; 163(7): 1344–1364.  doi:  10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01238.x

[146] What Is Pinene and What Are the Benefits of This Cannabis Terpene?

[147] Russo E., Guy G.W. A tale of two cannabinoids: the therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol. Med Hypotheses. 2006;66(2):234–246. [PubMed]

Kalant H. Smoked marijuana as medicine: not much future. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008;83(4):517–519. [PubMed]

Marijuana and the Entourage Effect.

[148] Wagner H1Ulrich-Merzenich G.: Synergy research: approaching a new generation of phytopharmaceuticals. Phytomedicine. 2009 Mar;16(2-3):97-110. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2008.12.018.

[149] Sativex Shown To Treat Spasticity In Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

[150] J. D. Wilkinson, B. J. Whalley, D. Baker et al.: Medicinal cannabis: is ¢9–tetrahydrocannabinol

necessary for all its effects? Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology JPP 2003, 55: 1687–1694.

[151] Ruth Gallily, Zhannah Yekhtin, Lumír Ondřej Hanus: Overcoming the Bell‐Shaped Dose‐Response of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol. Pharmacology & Pharmacy, 2015, 6, 75 85

Published Online February 2015 in SciRes.

[152] Meliha Karsak, Evelyn Gaffal, Rahul Date et al.: Attenuation of Allergic Contact Dermatitis Through the Endocannabinoid System.  Science  08 Jun 2007: Vol. 316, Issue 5830, pp. 1494-1497 DOI: 10.1126/science.1142265

[153] Giovanni Appendino, Simon Gibbons, Anna Giana et al.: Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis satiWa: A Structure-Activity Study. American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy. J. Nat. Prod. 2008, 71, 1427–1430.

[154] What Is Limonene and What Are the Benefits of This Cannabis Terpene?

[155] Mohamed M.Radwan, Mahmoud A.ElSohly,Desmond Slade et al.: Non-cannabinoid constituents from a high potency Cannabis sativa variety.

[156]  Zuardi AWShirakawa IFinkelfarb EKarniol IG. Action of cannabidiol on the anxiety and other effects produced by delta 9-THC in normal subjects. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1982;76(3):245-50.

CBD: The Cinderella Molecule.

[157] 5 Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana.

[158] Using Industrial Hemp to Treat Epilepsy.

[159] Hamp – en superplante.

[160] Danske landmænd får lov til at dyrke hamp til medicinsk brug.

[161] Indica vs. Sativa: What’s The Difference?

[162] Scientists turn to hemp for cheap, fast-charging batteries.

[163] Top 5 Most Innovative Uses For Hemp.

[164] Forskere: ‘Mere hamp på danske marker’.

[165] Hamp som superfood for småtspisende.

[166] Hamp som superfood for småtspisende.

[167] Henriette ChristensenHelle Vinther og Pernille Buhl Hverdagsmad med hamp − det nye superfood 2016

[168] Khansari N, Shakiba Y, Mahmoudi M. Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress as a major cause of age-related diseases and cancer. Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov. 2009 Jan;3(1):73-80.

[169] Leyva-Rodriguez D, Pierce GN. The cardiac and haemostatic effects of dietary hempseed. Nutr Metab. 2010 Apr;7:32.

[170] Kapoor R, Huang YS. Gamma linolenic acid: an anti-inflammatory omega-6 fatty acid. Curr Pharma Bio. 2006;7:531-4.

Dooper MM , van Riel B, GrausYM , M’Rabet L. Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid inhibits tumour necrosis factor-alpha production by human leucocytes independently of cyclooxygenase activity. Immunology. 2003 Nov;110(3):348-57.

Furse RK, Rossetti RG, Seiler CM, Zurier RB. Oral administration of gammalinolenic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid with anti-inflammatory properties, modules interleukin-1beta production by human monocytes. J Clin Immunol. 2002 Mar;22(2):83-91.

[171] CBD User’s Manual.


[173] Cannabis Oil vs. Hemp Oil.

[174] All Vape Pen Oils Are Not Created Equal.

[175] All Vape Pen Oils Are Not Created Equal.

[176] 10 Tips for Buying Hemp-Derived CBD Products.

[177] Forskellen på hash og medicinsk cannabis.

[178] Did the Industrial Value of Hemp Spark Cannabis Prohibition?

[179] Zuardi A.W. History of cannabis as a medicine: a review. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2006;28(2):153–157. [PubMed]

[180] Kilde: Henrik Hasseldam, Lektor, Biomedicinsk Institut, Københavns Universitet.

Er hash og marihuana det samme? Her er cannabissens ABC.

[181] Cannabis Craftsmanship: How to Make Hash With Funky Skunk Extracts.

[182] CBD Products: A Beginner’s Guide.

Cannabis Topicals: A Beginner’s Guide.

Cannabis E-Liquid: Uses, Benefits, and Recipes.

[183] What Makes Hash Oil Medicine? Dabbing and Hash Oil Myths: Part Two.

[184] What is marijuana?

[185] Dabbing 101: What Are Dabs and How Are They Made?

[186] Bell C, Slim J, Flaten HK, Lindberg G, Arek W, Monte AA. Butane Hash Oil Burns Associated with Marijuana Liberalization in Colorado. J Med Toxicol Off J Am Coll Med Toxicol. 2015;11(4):422-425. doi:10.1007/s13181-015-0501-0.

Romanowski KS, Barsun A, Kwan P, et al. Butane Hash Oil Burns: A 7-Year Perspective on a Growing Problem. J Burn Care Res Off Publ Am Burn Assoc. 2017;38(1):e165-e171. doi:10.1097/BCR.0000000000000334.

[187] Hall W., Degenhardt L. Adverse health effects of non-medical cannabis use. Lancet. 2009;374(9698):1383–1391.

[188] Gerra G., Zaimovic A., Gerra M.L. Pharmacology and toxicology of Cannabis derivatives and endocannabinoid agonists. Recent Pat CNS Drug Discov. 2010;5(1):46–52.

[189] Burgdorf J.R., Kilmer B., Pacula R.L. Heterogeneity in the composition of marijuana seized in California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011;117(1):59–61.

Crippa J.A., Zuardi A.W., Martin-Santos R. Cannabis and anxiety: a critical review of the evidence. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2009;24(7):515–523.

Zuardi A.W. Cannabidiol: from an inactive cannabinoid to a drug with wide spectrum of action. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2008;30(3):271–280.

[190] Elikkottil J., Gupta P., Gupta K. The analgesic potential of cannabinoids. J Opioid Manag. 2009;5(6):341–357.   

Campbell F.A., Tramer M.R., Carroll D., Reynolds D.J., Moore R.A., McQuay H.J. Are cannabinoids an effective and safe treatment option in the management of pain?: a qualitative systematic review. BMJ. 2001;323(7303):13–16.

[191] O’Connell T.J., Bou-Matar C.B. Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (2001-2007): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of 4117 applicants. Harm Reduct J. 2007;4:16.

[192] Ware M.A., Adams H., Guy G.W. The medicinal use of cannabis in the UK: results of a nationwide survey. Int J Clin Pract. 2005;59(3):291–295.  

[193] Wang T., Collet J.P., Shapiro S., Ware M.A. Adverse effects of medical cannabinoids: a systematic review. CMAJ. 2008;178(13):1669–1678.

[194] Robson P. Abuse potential and psychoactive effects of δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol oromucosal spray (Sativex), a new cannabinoid medicine. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2011;10(5):675–685.

[195] Furler M.D., Einarson T.R., Millson M., Walmsley S., Bendayan R. Medicinal and recreational marijuana use by patients infected with HIV. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2004;18(4):215–228.

[196] Ogborne A.C., Smart R.G., Weber T., Birchmore-Timney C. Who is using cannabis as a medicine and why: an exploratory study. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2000;32(4):435–443.   

[197]J. Michael Bostwick: Blurred Boundaries: The Therapeutics and Politics of Medical Marijuana. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012 Feb; 87(2): 172–186. doi:  10.1016/j.mayocp.2011.10.003

[198] Hashrygere er ikke kun misbrugere.

[199] Madeline H. Meier, Avshalom Caspi, Antony Ambler et al.: Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. PNAS October 2, 2012. 109 (40) E2657-E2664;

[200] Madeline H. Meier, Avshalom Caspi, Antony Ambler et al.: Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. PNAS 2012 October, 109 (40) E2657-E2664.

[201] The Dunedin Study.

[202] Dr. Malik Burnett og Amanda Reiman, PhD, MSW: Does Marijuana Kill Brain Cells?

[203] Twins study finds no evidence that marijuana lowers IQ in teens.

[204] Dum av hasj – eller?

Madeline H. Meier, Avshalom Caspi, Antony Ambler et al.: Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. PNAS 2012; published ahead of print August 27, 2012,

[205] Ole Rogeberg: Correlations between cannabis use and IQ change in the Dunedin cohort are consistent with confounding from socioeconomic status. PNAS 2013; published ahead of print January 14, 2013,

[206] Hash giver måske ikke varige skader i hjernen alligevel.